Today, there is no shortage of personality type theories, and our pages on personality types and tests are among the most popular pages on this site. This article is about one of the oldest personality type systems in the world — the four temperaments model. The origins of this typology belong to Graeco-Arabic medicine , where it was successfully used to treat illnesses. In fact, it is still used today by practitioners of traditional medicine around the world. Humorism, an ancient medical concept, is at the heart of this typology. However, most people have mixed temperaments, and judging solely by appearance may be difficult for untrained enthusiasts such as ourselves.
Four Temperaments: Sanguine, Phlegmatic, Choleric, and Melancholic Personality Types
Personality - Theory of Four Temperaments
Personality refers to the long-standing traits and patterns that propel individuals to consistently think, feel, and behave in specific ways. Our personality is what makes us unique individuals. Each person has an idiosyncratic pattern of enduring, long-term characteristics and a manner in which he or she interacts with other individuals and the world around them. Our personalities are thought to be long term, stable, and not easily changed. The word personality comes from the Latin word persona. In the ancient world, a persona was a mask worn by an actor.
This is an interactive personality test of the "Four Temperaments", an idea from Ancient Greek medicine. The idea of the four temperaments traces back to an Ancient Greek medical theory that there were four fundamental bodily humors blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm which could cause illness if they were out of balance. The terms sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic were coined by the Greek physician Aelius Galenus to describe the effect of these humors on human behavior. This idea is perhaps one of the oldest that looks like a theory of personality.