This survey lists publicly reported instances of Chinese espionage directed at the United States since It does not include espionage against other countries, U. We also did not include more than cases of intellectual property litigation brought by U. These reported incidents are derived from open source material. The list may not reflect the full number of incidents and may not be complete. Of the incidents, the decadal breakdown is:.
The indictments come as the United States remains locked in a bitter trade war with China, which the Trump administration has accused of unfair trade practices, including stealing valuable intellectual property and technology from American companies. The charges filed on Thursday are the latest in a series of indictments that accuse China of elaborate efforts to steal corporate secrets through espionage and hacking. The Justice Department unveiled charges against Fujian Jinhua Integrated Circuit, a Chinese state-owned enterprise, United Microelectronics Corporation, a Taiwanese semiconductor company, and three Taiwanese nationals. They are accused of conspiring to steal technology from Micron Technology, an Idaho-based chip maker that does extensive business in Asia. Earlier this week, the Commerce Department said that Jinhua will be barred from buying American components because it poses a national security threat to the United States.
The methods employed by China run the gamut, from relatively benign attempts to recruit skilled workers to more nefarious practices, including bribing South Koreans to divulge trade secrets and illegally hacking into company computer systems. The recruitment efforts often are highly alluring. So, they will post a recruiting ad offering a two-year contract, with twice the salary of an average designer in South Korea. Housing and education for kids will be covered, too. The businessman said the Chinese firms generally limit their job offers to two-year contracts.
The United States has often accused the government of the People's Republic of China of attempting to unlawfully acquire U. In addition to traditional espionage, China partners civilian Chinese companies with American businesses to acquire technology and economic data  and uses cyber spying to penetrate the computer networks of U. China has used a variety of methods to gather intelligence in the United States.