A ceasefire was agreed on 21 May between Israel and the Palestinian militant group Hamas. It came after 11 days of fighting, which left at least people dead. Most of those killed were Palestinians in the territory of Gaza. Israel and Hamas both claimed victory in the latest conflict. The violence in May followed a month of rising tensions in Jerusalem. But the fighting has gone on for decades.
Gaza Strip Conflict: Long History Behind Violence at Border | Time
State of Palestine. The Israeli—Palestinian conflict is one of the world's most enduring conflicts, with the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip reaching 54 years of conflict. Public declarations of claims to a Jewish homeland in Palestine, including the First Zionist Congress and the Balfour Declaration , created early tension in the region. At the time, the region had a small minority Jewish population , although this was growing via significant Jewish immigration. Following the implementation of the Mandate for Palestine , which included a binding obligation on the British government for the "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people" the tension grew into sectarian conflict between Jews and Arabs. The current Israeli-Palestinian status quo began following Israeli military occupation of the Palestinian territories in the Six-Day War. Despite a long-term peace process, Israelis and Palestinians have failed to reach a final peace agreement.
EXPLAINER: Why is Gaza almost always mired in conflict?
Home to about two million people, Gaza is 41km 25 miles long and 10km wide, an enclave bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Israel and Egypt. Tensions between Gaza and Israel have recently escalated into the worst violence for several years and led the UN to warn of "a full-scale war". Israel withdrew its troops and around 7, settlers in It is under the control of the militant Islamist group Hamas, which ejected forces loyal to the then governing Palestinian Authority PA after a violent rift in
A fragile cease-fire went into effect between Hamas and Israel early Friday in Israel, bringing to end, for now, 11 days of intense fighting. A series of deadly flash points had galvanized both sides in a region where the human cost of war has been all too familiar. Israeli warplanes started bombarding Gaza City on May 10, compounding the civilian suffering in the coastal enclave. At the same time, the rocket barrage by Hamas — the militant group that has ruled Gaza since and does not recognize Israel — took a toll on Israeli cities, including Tel Aviv, the commercial center of the country. As the civilian casualties grew, the conflict polarized Israeli society, and the world, like seldom before, and it has spurred unrest within Israel and the occupied territories that has been more intense than any in years.